You will know what we are talking about if you have pericoronitis – the infection and inflammation of the gum tissue surrounding a wisdom tooth. One of the disappointing things we learn as we grow up is that wisdom teeth really don’t bring any wisdom. But even more painful is the fact that they can trigger a lot of dental problems. If you have been dealing with signs of pericoronitis such as swelling and pain of Pericoronitis in the affected area, pus discharge, or as an unpleasant taste or smell in your mouth, it is important that you see a dentist as soon as possible. Your dentist can clean up the accumulated debris in the area and prescribe oral antibiotics and an antibacterial mouthwash, as well as pain relievers. In some cases, the gum tissue flap or wisdom tooth may need to be removed. Swelling of the face, spasms of the jaw and swollen lymph nodes may be indicative of a more critical infection that spreads and may affect your ability to swallow and breathe. It could even endanger life.
If you cannot go to the dentist immediately, some home remedies may work as a workaround to relieve symptoms and reduce the chances of the condition getting worse.
1. Disinfect with a Salt Water Rinse:
Saltwater has an anti-inflammatory effect. It is also a disinfectant that can fight bacteria that grow in the mouth. Dissolve a teaspoon of table salt in a cup of boiled water and stir it for about 30 seconds before spitting it out. As an extra, the simple act of rinsing your mouth with water can dislodge and help remove food particles and other debris.
2. Apply Ice to Relieve Pain and Inflammation of Pericoronitis:
Ice can reduce inflammation in the gum tissue. Place ice in a ziplock bag, wrap it in a thin, clean towel and place it on the affected area 3 to 4 times a day for 15 minutes at a time.
3. Use a Guava Mouthwash to Kill Bacteria:
Guava leaves are anti-inflammatory and have shown antibacterial properties against many oral pathogens, including Streptococcus mutans.
“This antibacterial property is mainly due to the presence of flavonoids such as guaijaverine and quercetin”.
A paste of tender leaves of guava can also be a traditional oral hygiene remedy and can be used 2 to 3 times a day. You can also boil 4 to 5 guava leaves in a cup of water and add a little salt to make a simple antibacterial mouthwash. Do not forget to cool it before using it.
4. Rinse with a Sage Anti-Inflammatory Mouthwash:
Sage has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that can treat swollen and bleeding gums and relieve pain. The anti-inflammatory property of sage is attributed to components such as camphor and 1-8-cineole. Mix a teaspoon of crushed dried sage or fresh sage in a glass of boiling water and simmer for 10 minutes. Strain the mixture, cool it and your mouthwash will be ready to use. Rinse with this solution for about 5 minutes at a time two or three times a day.
5. Apply Some Lemongrass Oil to Reduce Inflammation and Plaque:
Lemongrass (lemongrass) contains several beneficial compounds such as limonene, citral, citronella, linalool, β-myrcene, and elgeraniol that can help prevent the formation of bacterial biofilms in your teeth. One study found that a 0.25% lemongrass oil mouthwash was effective against gum and plaque inflammation when used twice daily for 21 days. In fact, the researchers found it a comparable alternative to chlorhexidine, a commonly used antibacterial mouthwash. Therefore, add 2 to 3 drops of lemongrass fragrant oil to a glass of water to make a simple and effective mouthwash.
6. Try the Oil Rinse with Coconut Antimicrobial Oil:
The rinse oil is a technique recommended in ayurveda to maintain dental health. It consists of rinsing with the oil and spitting it out after a while. The lauric acid present in coconut oil is known for its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. Studies show that coconut oil can relieve gum inflammation and also decrease plaque. Take a tablespoon of coconut oil in your mouth and rinse between your teeth until it becomes thin and milky white. This should take around 10-15 minutes. Then spit the oil. Be careful not to swallow the oil as it may contain harmful oral pathogens.
7. Apply Sesame Paste or Oil to Fight Pain and Bacteria:
Sesame seeds have been traditionally used to treat toothaches in China for centuries. Studies also show that sesame oil can relieve pain of Perericoronitis when applied topically. It has also been discovered that it acts against oral bacteria such as S. mutans and L. acidophilus. Boil half a cup of sesame seeds with 5 cups of water until the water is reduced by half. Grind to a paste and apply to the affected area 2-3 times a day. You can also apply some sesame oil.
8. Use a Tea Tree Oil Mouthwash to Reduce Inflammation:
One study found that a mouthwash that contained 1.5% tea tree oil was able to reduce inflammation in the gums. Laboratory studies also show that this beneficial oil acts against oral pathogens. Add 2 drops to a cup of water and shake well to make your own antiseptic mouthwash.
9. Apply Turmeric Paste to Eliminate Bacteria and Inflammation:
Curcumin, a compound present in turmeric, is known for its anti-inflammatory effects. It can also inhibit the growth of oral bacteria. Mix 1 teaspoon of turmeric with half a teaspoon of mustard oil and salt to make a smooth paste. Apply this to the affected area to relieve inflammation and fight harmful bacteria.
10. Use Green Tea Mouthwash To Relieve Pain of Pericoronitis:
There is an inadvertent painkiller in your kitchen closet: green tea! Research has found that a green tea mouthwash can relieve pain after surgery to remove the affected molars. In fact, one study found that people rinsing with green tea needed significantly less pain relievers after the operation. So make a good cup of green tea and use it as a mouthwash to relieve pain due to pericoronitis. Remember, although these remedies will certainly help relieve the painful symptoms of pericorinitis, you should not delay a visit to the dentist.