The diabetestype 2 , often called non – insulin dependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes, affecting 90-95% of the 422 million people worldwide with diabetes (in 1980 there were 108 million). Unlike people with type 1 diabetes, people with type 2 diabetes produce insulin; However, the insulin secreted by your pancreas is not enough or the body is unable to recognize insulin and use it properly. This is known as insulin resistance. When there is not enough insulin or insulin is not used properly, glucose ( sugar) cannot enter body cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of entering the cells, the body’s cells cannot function properly. Problems caused by the increase in blood glucose include:
- Dehydration:The accumulation of blood sugar can cause an increase in urination (to try to eliminate sugar from the body). When the kidneys lose glucose through the urine, a large amount of water is also lost, causing dehydration.
- Hyperosmolar non-ketone diabetic coma:When a person with type 2 diabetes becomes severely dehydrated and is not able to drink enough fluids to compensate for fluid losses, this life-threatening complication can develop.
Over time, high blood glucose levels can damage nerves and small blood vessels in the eyes, kidneys, and heart and predispose a person to atherosclerosis (hardening) of large arteries that can cause heart attack. And stroke.
Who can Get Type 2 Diabetes?
Anyone can get type 2 diabetes. However, the people most at risk of getting the disease are obese or overweight , women who have had gestational diabetes, people with family members who have type 2 diabetes and people who have metabolic syndrome (a group of problems that include high cholesterol, high triglycerides, good low HDL cholesterol and high bad LDL cholesterol and high blood pressure). In addition, older people are more susceptible to developing the disease since aging makes the body less tolerant to sugars.
What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?
Although it is more common than type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is commonly caused by multiple factors and not by a single problem. Type 2 diabetes can be inherited, but the exact nature of how it is inherited or the identity of a single genetic factor is unknown.
What are the Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes vary from person to person, but may include:
- Increased thirst
- Increased hunger (especially after eating)
- Dry mouth
- Nausea and occasional vomiting
- Frequent urination
- Fatigue (feeling weak, tired)
- Blurry vision
- Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
- Frequent infections of the skin, urinary tract or vagina
9 Superfoods for Diabetes:
1. Bitter Gourd:
Among the various home remedies that have proven beneficial in controlling diabetes, perhaps the most important is the use of bitter gourd. Lately it has been established that bitter gourd contains a hypoglycemic or insulin-like principle, designated as “plant insulin,” which has been found valuable in reducing blood and urine sugar levels. It must be liberally included in the diabetic’s diet.
“For best results, the diabetic should drink the juice of about 4 or 5 bitter gourds every morning on an empty stomach”.
Seeds can be added to powdered foods. Diabetics can also use bitter gourd in the form of decoction by boiling the pieces in water or in the form of dry powder.
2. Indian Gooseberry:
Indian gooseberry, with its high vitamin C content, is considered valuable in diabetes. Only 1 tablespoon of its juice, mixed with 1 cup of bitter gourd juice, taken daily for 2 months, will stimulate the islets of Langerhans , that is, the isolated group of cells that secrete the hormone insulin in the pancreas. This mixture reduces the level of blood sugar in diabetes.
3. Jambul Fruit:
Jambul fruit is another effective home remedy. It is considered in traditional medicine as a specific against diabetes due to its effect on the pancreas. Fruit as such, seeds and fruit juice are all useful in the treatment of this disease. The seeds contain a “jambolin” glycoside, which is believed to have the power to check the pathological conversion of starch into sugar in cases of increased glucose production. The seeds must be dried and pulverized. Mix 1 teaspoon of this powder in 1 cup of milk or water or 1/2 cup of curd and take it twice a day. The inner bark of the jambul tree is also used in the treatment of diabetes. The bark dries and burns. It will produce a white ash. This ash should be kneaded in mortar, poured and bottled. The diabetic patient should be given 10 grams of this ash on an empty stomach with water in the morning and twenty grams in the afternoon and at night one hour after meals. An equal amount of amla powder, ham powder and bitter gourd powder is also a very useful remedy for diabetes. A teaspoon of this mixture once or twice a day would be effective in controlling the progress of the disease.
Grapefruit is a splendid food in the diet of a diabetic patient. If grapefruits ate more abundantly, there would be much less diabetes. If you have sugar, take 3 grapefruits 3 times a day. If you have no sugar, but a tendency towards it and want to prevent it, take 3 a day.
Fenugreek seeds have been effective in the treatment of diabetes. Fenugreek seeds, when administered in varying doses of 25 gm to 100 gm daily, decrease reactive hyperglycemia in diabetic patients. Glucose, serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly reduced with diabetic patients when the seeds were consumed.
6. Gram of Bengal:
Experiments have shown that the intake of water extract from the gram of Bengal increases glucose utilization in both diabetic and normal people. When maintained on a diet, which included liberal supplements of Bengal gram extract, the patient’s condition improved considerably and his insulin requirement was reduced to about 20 units per day. Diabetic patients who are on a prescribed diet that does not severely restrict carbohydrate intake, but that includes liberal amounts of Bengal gram extract, have shown a considerable improvement in their fasting blood sugar levels, glucose tolerance, Urinary sugar excretion and general condition.
7. Black Gram:
For a milder type of diabetes, it is said that 2 tablespoons of germinated black gram, taken with half a cup of fresh bitter gourd juice and a teaspoon of honey, are useful. It should be taken once a day for three or four months. Try to eliminate carbohydrates from your diet. Even in severe cases, regular use of this combination, with other precautions, is useful as a healthy food for the prevention of various complications that may arise due to malnutrition in diabetics.
8. Mango Leaves:
The tender leaves of the mango tree are considered useful in diabetes. An infusion is prepared by soaking 15 g of fresh leaves in 250 ml of water overnight and squeezing them well in the water in the morning. This filtrate should be taken every morning to control early diabetes. Alternatively, the leaves should be dried in the shade, pulverized and preserved for use when necessary. Only 1/2 teaspoon of this powder should be taken twice a day.
Purslane seeds are useful in diabetes. Take 1 teaspoon of the seeds every day with 1/2 cup of water for 3 to 4 months. It will increase the body’s own insulin and help cure diabetes.
In addition to bitter gourd, certain vegetables are beneficial and can improve the health of the diabetic. These include:
- Green beans
- Tea made from green bean pods